Statement by G7 Foreign Ministers on Climate, Environment, Peace and Security (May 14, 2022)


We, the G7 Foreign Ministers of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States of America, and the High Representative of the Union European Union, which are united in our desire to maintain the objective of limiting global warming to 1.5°C, to halt and reverse the loss of biodiversity by 2030 and to achieve net zero emissions globally by the middle of the century :

• Recognize that the impacts of climate and biodiversity crises pose a threat to international peace and stability where populations and ecosystems face existential perils, with disproportionate impacts on individuals in developing, low-income states. income, fragile and conflict-affected, and where the international order as we know it will be increasingly put to the test;

• Understand that because we share climate and ecosystems, the security of each nation is indelibly linked to that of others – the consequences of climate change and environmental degradation (terrestrial and marine) know no borders;

• Highlight that these challenges provide an opportunity for collective action (across different sectoral mandates) and multilateral cooperation to understand and address the implications for peace and security of climate change and environmental degradation;

• Warn that there is a vicious circle in which the greater the impacts of climate change, biodiversity loss and environmental degradation, the greater the risks to peace and stability, especially in the already fragile states, which in turn has the potential to impact greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity loss and deforestation and prevent governments from effectively addressing these challenges;

• Emphasize that peace and stability are often key to mitigating and adapting to the consequences of climate change and environmental degradation and reducing loss and damage caused by climate change, as is climate and environmental action is an essential aspect of lasting peace.

Based on the Hague Declaration on Planetary Security, the Berlin Call to Action on Climate and Security, and the work of the Group of Friends on Climate and Security in New York, we have intends to work with like-minded partners to establish a “Climate, Environment, Peace and Security Initiative”. This group will advocate and undertake concrete and operational actions, approaches and solutions to help address climate and environmental risks to peace and stability in the world. To that end, this declaration sets out a seven-point agenda for action to advance rapid and effective responses to the risks posed by climate change and environmental degradation to stability and peace by:

1. Align our policies and practices as a whole-of-government response to better understand and address the peace and security implications of climate change; uphold the Paris Agreement and its outcomes, including the Glasgow Climate Pact, as well as international environmental commitments, and conserve or protect at least 30% of our land and oceans by 2030, including terrestrial waters and inland and coastal and marine areas, including continuing efforts to limit temperature increase to 1.5°C and to halt and reverse biodiversity loss;

2. Support states and regions whose stability and peace are most affected by climate and environmental risks; mobilize finance for climate and biodiversity, while promoting resilience, gender equality, conflict prevention, peace and capacity building in affected regions. This includes increasing adaptation finance in line with the Glasgow Call to at least double the collective provision of adaptation finance from 2019 levels by 2025, in the context of achieving a balance between mitigation and adaptation in the provision of increased financial resources, recalling Article 9(4) of the Paris Agreement;

3. Improve resilience and adaptation to climate and environmental change (and the broader security, economic, humanitarian, environmental and societal challenges it creates) globally by integrating climate security and risk assessment. environmental risks, climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction, and nature-based solutions at the core of our operations, in addition to mitigation efforts, and using comprehensive multi-sectoral analytical approaches/insights, based science-based and data-driven;

4. Collaborate to improve operational responses to support stability and peace by firmly integrating climate change and environmental degradation and their impacts into early warning, mediation, peacekeeping and other operations peace support, in order to promote resilience and avoid a vicious circle where climate change and environmental degradation aggravate conflict drivers, which in turn increases vulnerability to climate change and the impacts of environmental degradation;

5. Share experience and expertise (at the international level and between national and subnational government departments) to shape and implement coordinated policies and practices that are inclusive, context and conflict sensitive, gender sensitive and adapted to local conditions and stakeholder needs;

6. Advance coherent and complementary approaches around climate, environment, peace and security and facilitate multilateral collaboration, for example through a regular meeting of supporting actors from governments and international organizations to civil society and the private sector, for example at the Berlin Climate and Security Conference;

7. Ensure that the risks to stability and peace posed by climate change, biodiversity loss and environmental degradation, as well as climate mitigation and adaptation, are brought to the highest levels of the government.


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